ERGOMAS is the European Research Group on Military and Society, founded in 1986.

It is an international scientific association, based originally in Europe but now open to all scholars from around the world, devoted to collaborative research on military and society.

ERGOMAS is a public, non-profit, politically and ideologically independent professional organization of scientists. Its purposes are pursued through the activity of Working Groups and the Biennial Conference.

The core disciplines of ERGOMAS are sociology and political science but, over time, it has become more and more multidisciplinary, and now has members drawn from many other disciplines.


ERGOMAS - 30th Anniversary

ERGOMAS - 30th Anniversary - Letter from the President 

Dear ERGOMAS members and friends,

Happy New Year to all! I hope everyone had a wonderful holiday season and all the best for the coming year. Indeed, this year is a special one in that we mark the 30th Anniversary of ERGOMAS! Much has been accomplished in the past three decades, and we look forward to our continued collaboration and contributions to the field of armed forces and society.

With that, please find a letter from the ERGOMAS President, Dr. George Kaffes. George's inspirational words remind us of our history as an organization, as well as the way forward in our forthcoming work and collaboration!

ERGOMAS - 30th Anniversary - Letter from the President


In memoriam Giuseppe Caforio


Dear ERGOMAS Members and Friends,

As you may already know, Giuseppe Caforio is no longer with us. He died suddenly after a heart attack in his beloved Palau in Sardinia and his funeral took place on Aug. 4th in the presence of his wife Donnatella and his family in his beloved Luogosanto 27 km. away. Giuseppe Caforio was one of the founding members of ERGOMAS, of the International Sociological Association's RC01 Armed Forces and one of the youngest minds in the field of Military Sociology.

I would like to express my deep condolences to his wife, to the members of his family and to all friends and colleagues who have known and collaborated with him. As ERGOMAS President I will organize an extensive feature in the near future dedicated to his work and his memory will be honoured during our next conference in Athens.

The ERGOMAS President
George Kaffes
Associate Professor of Military Sociology
Hellenic Army Academy

If you would like to express your condolences, please do so through our Twitter account or our Facebook page. If you want to send a personal message to Giuseppe's wife Donatella can do it by email at Giuseppe's address, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Biennial Conference News

Register online for the upcoming 14th ERGOMAS Biennial Conference

You can now register online for the upcoming 14th ERGOMAS Biennial Conference in Athens, Greece. Please go to our conference website for further information: 14th ERGOMAS Biennial Conference website.


Call for Papers and Participants
14th ERGOMAS Biennial Conference in Athens, Greece – June 26-30 2017

The European Research Group on Military and Society (ERGOMAS) is organizing its biennial conference on military and society hosted by the Hellenic Army Academy in Athens, Greece ( Conference dates are June 26-30, 2017. The theme of the conference is


The mass military forces led by aristocrats in the early nineteenth century transformed into the professional volunteer forces of the early twentieth. In the middle of the twentieth century, militaries transformed again into “international police-armies” designed to establish security and stability and provide humanitarian assistance. These changes in the military model evolved in concert with the social and political changes, especially with changes in the nature of conflict. We are now undergoing a new change in the nature of conflict. Phenomena such as the resurgence of nationalism after the Cold War, the escalation of terrorism, the internationalization of domestic conflicts, and the continuing development of multinational coalitions raise questions about how the military model will and must evolve to meet these challenges.

The upcoming ERGOMAS conference will focus on new lines of inquiry stemming from this new defense and security environment and how these emergent forces will affect the social structure of armed forces. In particular, we will focus on exploring how the study of military and society, both theoretical and practical, can be applied to understanding these evolving transformations and adapting to the challenges they pose.

We encourage discussion in these areas, as well as other key topics of research in the military and society domain. Please submit abstracts for papers by email for consideration to both the appropriate working group coordinator (see ERGOMAS Working Groups) and to the Secretary General (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.). Please submit panel proposals (including book discussions) no later than 1 Dec 2016; please submit all other presentation proposals no later than 31 January 2017. If you would like to propose a panel that might fall outside regular working groups, please direct it to the secretary general (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).

Please see the call for papers for further information on the conference and the Working Group co-ordinators.



WG The Military Profession - New WG Co-ordinator

It has been some time since the passing of Giuseppe Caforio, who initiated and led the Military Profession Working Group for many years. Indeed, this WG was an extremely active and productive one under Giuseppe's prolific leadership.  It gives me great pleasure to inform you that a new coordinator - Lindy Heinecken - will be taking over leadership of this WG and to continue research in this important domain.

If you are interested in participating in the WG more actively, or have participated previously (including attendance of the Military Profession WG conference in Turin in January 2015 and/or contributed to the edited volume entitled "Armed Forces and Operations in Asymmetric Warfare Environment" ) please contact Lindy at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..  Lindy will also be accepting panel proposals for the upcoming ERGOMAS conference in Athens in June 2017 (more information on this will be sent soon).

Lindy's bio can be found below. Please join me in welcoming Lindy Heinecken as the new Military Profession WG leader!

Irina Goldenberg, ERGOMAS Secretary General

Lindy Heinecken - Bio
Lindy Heinecken was formerly a researcher and Deputy Director of the Centre for Military Studies (CEMIS) at the South African Military Academy, where she worked for 17 years. Since 2006 she has been at the Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa and is currently Professor of Sociology lecturing in political and industrial sociology. The main focus of her research is in the domain of armed forces and society where she has published widely on a range of issues including military unionism, the management of diversity, gender integration, the military profession, HIV/AIDS in the military, and the experiences of military personnel on peace operations. She serves on numerous academic boards, including the Council of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, the Board of the International Sociological Association's (ISA) Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution Group, and the National Research Foundation (NRF). She serves on the editorial board of the journals Armed Forces and Society and Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies. She is a NRF B rated researcher and serves as one of the pool of specialists conducting research for the South African Army.


ERGOMAS Newsletter published

The June 2016 issue of the ERGOMAS newsletter has been published. Please download it from our Newsletter page (30 June 2015).



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